JUDICIAL HISTORY


Nashik is Centre of North Maharashtra. Nashik District lies in the north-west part of the State. Nashik is situated on the Deccan Plateau being about 600 meters about mean sea level. Wheather being pleasant throughout the year. Jalgaon and Aurangabad Districts lie to the east of Nashik District. To its south lies Ahmadnagar District. To its west are Thane District and a part of Gujrath State. Dhule District and a part of Gujrath lie to its north.


Nasik District came under the regime 'Chalukat' and then `Rajkut' and again under the regime of `Chalukat'. From the period of end of 12th century A.D. till 1312, it was under the regime of Yadavas of Devgiri. After 1313, this place was under the regime of rulers of Delhi for a short period and subsequently formed to be a part of Bahamani State of Gulbarga and it was under that regime from 1347 to 1390. And from 1490 till the middle of 17th century, it was ruled by the Nizams of Ahmednagar and was set free from their rule by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. After that, during the rule of Emperor Aurangzeb, he merged this place of Nasik into Mughal's empire and named the city of Nasik as `Gulshanabad'. Subsequently, Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj set free Nasik (Gulshanabad) from the Mughal's rule and then till 1818 ie until the decline of Peshwas, Nasik was under the British rule till India got freedom.


Nasik District was then divided into two parts during the time when British took over the rule. `Peth' was the place of office of Additional Collector and `Thane' was a District place, which was the office of the Collector. The offices of Police Headquarters and Superintendent of Police were also at Thane, which is apparent from the letters of Shri. H. B. Bowell dated 30.12.1857 and 4.1.1858 delivered to the then Collector of Thane Shri. Morgan. During the period of 1857 and 1958, the first Assistant Magistrate was the Assistant Collector and it appears that Police Superintendent also exercised the power to try Criminal Cases. As mentioned in the letter of Shri. Bowell dated 1.1.1958, the Magistrate of Peth had tried the case against Raje Bhagwantrao Neelkanthrao Pawar and had sentenced him to death for the crime of waging war, by hanging which was executed in public in from of Court of Peth. Shri. Bowell had also sentenced 13 people to life imprisonment, earlier known to be as the punishment of `Kala Pani'. Also Capt. Walkar who was then Police Superintendent, had punished Dhondu Kali Vallabh and 13 others. The present southern part of Nasik District ie Nashik, Sinnar, Niphad, Yeola the area of these Talukas was included in the Ahmednagar District. The Court of District and Sessions Judge was not in existence in Nashik District till 1884. It was established in Nasik in the year 1884 and started functioning in 1885.


The old District Court Building is built in black Stone in British Regine and the new one is built in the year 2005. The inauguration of new building of District Court was made on 18 September, 2005 at the hands of Honourable Shri. Justice Dalveer Bhandari.


There are 15th Talukas in this District Total 58 Courts included Taluka Courts are functioning. The First District Judge was Mr. M. B. Bekar, who has presided over for the period 1885-1891. The present Principal District Judge is Mr. C.V. Bhadang from January 2010 - onwards.


After the establishment of Court of District and Session Judge at Nasik ie from 1885 to 2003, the following Judges had the privilege to serve as District & Sessions Judge of Nasik.

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Sr.No. Name of the District Judge Period

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1. Mr. M. B. Baker 1885-1891

2. Mr. G. C. Whitwhorth 1891-1892

3. Mr. Anwin 1893-1896

4. Mr. J. B. Alock 1896-1900

5. Mr. J. J. Hiton 1900-1905

6. Mr. B. C. Kenedy 1905-1911

7. Mr. C. E. Palmer 1911-1913

8. Mr. F. K. Wide 1913-1917

9. Mr. C. A. Kinkid 1917-1918

10. Mr. Balakram 1918-1919

11. Mr. S. J. Murphy 1919-1921

12. Mr. M. S. Advani 1921-1923

13. Mr. M. L. Kadri 1924

14. Mr. S. H. Suckers 1924-1925

15. Mr. N. S. Lokur 1925

16. Mr. J. F. Kirk 1926-1927

17. Mr. G.C. Shenon 1927-1928

18. Mr. S. R. Macline 1928-1931

19. Mr. K. D. Vasudev 1931-1936

20. Mr. P. N. Moos 1936-1938

21. Mr. S. C. Kavishwar 1938

22. Mr. K. M. Bhise 1939

23. Mr. C. B. Nagarkar 1940-1941

24. Mr. C. C. Hulkoti 1941-1942

25. Mr. G. H. Googly 1942-1947

26. Mr. B. C. Vakil 1947

27. Mr. B. V. Paymaster 1947-1948

28. Mr. B. C. Vakil 1948-1949

29. Mr. G. N. Katre 1949-1952

30. Mr. V. A. Naik 1952-1954

31. Mr. A. A. Shaikh 1954

32. Mr. L. P. Ghogale 1954-1957

33. Mr. L. M. Paranjape 1957-1958

34.Mr. N. S. Bhopali 1958-1959

35.Mr. D.P. Shikhare 1959-1961

36.Mr. D.G. Gatne 1961

37.Mr. N.D. Kamath 1961-1963

38.Mr. D.G. Gatne 1963-1968

39.Mr. N.A. Aathalye 1968-1969

40.Mr. K. R. Powar 1969-1971

41.Mr. C. A. Phadkar 1971-1974

42.Mr. M. R. Waikar 1974-1976

43.N. S. Manudhane 1976-1977

44. Mr. N. V. Saswadkar 1977-1980

45. Mr. K. N. Patil 1980-1983

46. Mr. P. N. Behere 1983-1985

47. Mr. M. J. Dhawale 1985-1986

48. Mr. M. S. Vaidya 1986-1987

49. Mr. J. G. Shah 1987-1989

50. Mr. J. G. Chitre 1989-1992

51. Mr. B. P. Shah 1992-1994

52. Mr. P. B. Deshpande 1994

53. Mr. C. G. Bias 1995

54. Mr. P. S. Mane 1995-1996

55. Mr. S. D. Gundewar 1996-1997

56. Mr. D. S. Zoting 1997-1999

57.Mr. A. V. Bhalerao 2000-2002

58.Mr. V. K. Deshpande 2002-2004

59.Mr. A. N. Yadav 2004

60.Mr. V. B. Patil 2005-2007

61.Mr. R.Y.Ganoo 2007-2008

62.Mr. P.D. Kode 2008-2009

63.Mr. R.B. Malik 2009-2010

64.Mr. C.V. Bhadang 2010-onwards

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The Court of Civil Judge, Junior Division was established at Malegaon in the year 1891 in the existing building. The establishment of Sessions Division at Malegaon started its functioning from 29th October 1988, in the said building of Civil Judge, Junior Division, Principal court presided over by an Additional District & Additional Sessions Judge to cover the areas comprising the Revenue Talukas of Malegaon, Nandgaon & Satana. The Court of Civil Judge, Senior Division was established at Malegaon in the year 1st January 1990, to cover the areas comprising the Revenue Talukas of Malegaon, Nandgaon & Satana.

Niphad is another Taluka place in this District. The Court of Civil Judge & JMFC Niphad established in the year 1964 in the rental premisses. Thereafter a separate building was constructed for the said Court in the year 1979. The Court of Civil Judge Senior Division was established in the year 1993, to cover the areas comprising the revenue Talukas as Niphad, Yeola, Chandwad & Pimpalgaon. The Court of Sessions Division is establised from 20 June 1999, in the existing building. Principal Court is presided over by District Judge first. There are Civil Courts at Satana, Sinnar, Nandgaon, Dindori, Chandwad, Kalwan, Yeola, Pimpalgaon(B), Manmad City, Manmad (Rly) and Nashik-Road.


Other relevant information :-

Milestones in the history of Nashik

Some of the major events in the history of Nashik are :


1840 : Sarvajanik Vachanalaya established. (Public Library).

1854 : Sharanpur Colony formed.

1861 : Deolali Cantonment formed.

1862 : Nashik Road railway station was built.

1864 : Nashik Municipality formed.

1869 : Nashik district formed.

1894 : Saint Andrew Church built.

1894 : Construction work for Victoria Bridge started.

1910 : Police Training College established.

1922 : Distillery started at Nashik Road.

1927 : Security Press formed at Nashik Road.

1941 : Artillery Center migrated to Nashik Road form

Quetta in Pakistan.







Important Historical case

Report of famous political

Trial conducted against Krantiveer Vasanatrao Naik,

freedom fighter of Nashik.


Krantiveer Vasantrao Narayanrao Naik was son of the soil, who contributed in a freedom fight and was known as “Krantiveerâ€.


He was born in Sinnar Taluka of Nashik, and has revolutionary life. He was inspired by the call given by Krantisingh Nana Patil of Patri Sarkar. He therefore contributed in many revolution activities for getting freedom in India. After independence, under his leadership as a Chairman of “Maharashtra State Road Transportâ€the entire organization of S.T. Mahamandal is establised in Maharashtra.


He was convicted in a political trial in the year 1940. After release from jail he participated in “Quit Indiaâ€movement under the leadership of “Father of our nation Mahatma Gandhiâ€. Many people were infringed in jail as they participated in the said movement. Krantiveer Nail went underground and by ultimate sacrifice contributed for the said movement.


The English Government has published a notification under “Defence of India Actâ€dtd. 19.12.1941. As per said notification entire property of Vasantrao Naik was attached.


Family members were tortured. Ultimately on 17.07.1944. Vasantrao Naik was arrested at Nashik. Sessions Case No. 57/1944 was lodged before Sessions Judge Shri. G. H. Gugooli ( I.C.S.). The said matter commenced on 23.10.1944 and compiled on 28.10.1944. The said matter was attended by various citizens, students and huge followers of Vasantrao Naik. Perhaps this is the trial where highest number of citizens have attended the court for witnessing the said trial.


On behalf of Govt. public prosecutor Shri. Nanasaheb Gadgil has appeared. On behalf of accused Vasantrao Naik, the famous senior advocate Shri. Jape Barrister Pardiwala appeared. They were assisted by the members of Nashik Bar Association Shri. Madhavrao Janorkar, R.H. Gadre, Wamanrao Yardi and leader of Maharashtra Bhausaheb Hire.


21 witnesses were examined and through it was a era of British Rule with British Judge, the defence was so strong and perfect that Judge Gugooli has to acquit the accused Vasantrao Naik on 06.01.1945.


The Main contention in the case was that, by remaining underground Vasantrao has raised the political movements and has caused a war against Government and therefore under Sec. 6 of Restriction And Retentions Ordinance 1944, he has committed a crime and charge was accordingly framed. The defence of accused was that he was never underground, he was meeting everybody including Police and therefore was not underground. Ultimately it was contended by the accused that the provisions of above Ordinance are not applicable and therefore the notification is wrongly applied. Ultimately the Judge has held that there is no sufficient evidence to held that Krantiveer Vasantrao was underground and therefore defence of accused was accepted.


The citizen of Nashik had no opportunity of hearing trial, which is quoted as one of the trial of freedom fight of India. Many learned senior counsels, barristers outside Nashik as well as form Nashik Bar Association, has advanced an intellecutal arguments, which are still remembered today. Because of said trial name of Nashik District Court is also recorded in a history of Freedom Fight, for which we all Nashikkar are proud of and also our further generation will be proud of it.



Jackson Murder Case


Story of The Nashik Conspiracy


The Mitra Mandal


The evidence in this case establishes that prior to the year 1906, an association of young men, mostly Brahmans, existed in Nashik under leadership of Ganesh & Vinayak Savarkar which was known as the Mitra-Mela. In it were reproduced the features of other similar associations in the Deccan to which reference has already been made. Exciting songs were prepared for the Ganpati & Shivaji festivals & amp; the members of the Mitra-Mela used to join in singining these songs either in procession or in the precincts of some temple or other place of assembly. Physical instruction was given to members by one of the witnesses in this case & by a Mahomedan brought for the purpose from Baroda. The activities of the association did not, however, cease there for we have evidence, which we accept as true, that meeting were held at the house of Ganesh Savarkar & amp; of Aba Darekar, one of the song-writers of the association, at which the biographies of patriotic revolutionists were read & amp; re-read, the particular favourites being Mazzini, Shivaji & amp; Ramdas & amp; where discussions were carried on with regard to the means for attaining independence for India. At these meeting the methods advocated were the education of public by means of lectures, books & amp; songs, & amp; the preparation for rising against the British Government by collection of arms & ammunition. We have examples of inflammatory speeches delivered by Vinayak & amp; Narayan Savarkar & amp; by Mahadev Bhat, & amp; a photograph of number of members of the Mitra Mela, several of whom are among the accused, grouped round Vinayak Savarkar of whom are among the accused, grouped round Vinayak Savarkar in which four or five pictures of Shivaji, A board bearing the words “Bande Mataramâ€& amp; a book bearing the name of Mazzini on the outer cover are prominently displayed, which corroborate the general description of the aims & amp; methods of the association given by the witnesses. The photograph Exhibit A-271, to which reference has been made, marks an important stage in the history of the association. Its occasion was the impending departure of Vinayak Savarkar for England in the middle of June 1906, a step which he was enabled to take owing to his being the recipent of a scholarship given by Shamji Krishna Varma, the founder of the India House at Highgate. Up to the time of his departure, Vinayak Savarkar had been one of the most active & probably the most stimulating of the members of the Mitra Mela. In the early part of 1906 speeches were delivered by him in Poona & amp; in nashik the object of which was to arouse the country & amp; to suggest how by means of mental training & amp; physical exercises, preparation might be made for successful revolt.


Jackson Murder Case


The following persons were arrested in connection with the murder of Mr. Jackson, Collector of Nashik, on the night of the 21st December, 1909:-

Made statement on Anant Laxman Kanhere 21st December 1909.

21st December 1909 Krishna Gopal Karve 24th December 1909 6th January 1910. Vinayak Narayan Deshpande 23rd December 1909, 6th January 1910. Shankar Ramchandra Soman 23rd December 1909, 6th January 1910. Waman Daji Narayan Joshi 30th December 1909 4th January 1910. Ganesh B. Vaidya 22nd December 1909 2nd January 1910. Dattatrya Pandurang Joshi 22nd December 1909 5th January 1910.

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