Judiciary has played a major role for Nation building
and also contributed in mobilizing the society to
deliver its best to the Nation. As on date, Litigations
have risen in large numbers, thereby making it extremely
difficult to manage it manually. It has therefore become
essential to improve productivity of the judicial staff
for efficiently disposing and following up cases
registered with various Courts. A thought to provide ICT
based Judicial Services to the Judges, Advocates/Lawyers
and Citizen had become the need of the hour. It was
decided to use new technology at marginal cost to
achieve the final goal of catalyzing the judicial
service to be provided to common man and at the same
time concentrate on the internal Judicial Administration
to monitor closely the issue of growing Pendency.
The main objective of
developing this application is to
Provide all backoffice activities of the
Facilitate Judicial Management to track the
critical issue of Pendency.
Provide online interface for the
Citizens/Advocates to query the system.
in the Judiciary of Maharashtra state was taken up in
early 1997 on Linux 2.0.30 and ‘C’ Language. The
software catered to basic needs of judiciary but due to
limitations of technology available then it could not be
enlarged. Keeping in view the growing needs of the
Judiciary it was necessary to migrate from legacy system
to new full-featured system.
It was decided to complete the computerization in
all the Courts of Maharashtra and National Informatics
Centre Pune was entrusted to Understand the
Requirements, Design, Develop and Implement the Software
on a pilot basis at District & Sessions Court Pune.
is designed to provide Citizen Interfaces like Touch
Screen Kiosk, Display Screen, Interactive Voice Response
System, internet based dissemination for the common man
and Lawyer. For the Judiciary, monitoring the critical
issue of Pendency, fast and accurate information
retrieval and ease in entering the relevant data was
considered as focal point to be addressed while
understanding the requirements. The decision makers were to be provided with full-featured
facility through which the information required by them
to manage several factors ranging from mobilizing Human
Resources to assessment of the officers and also
redressal of specific grievance was to be incorporated
in the application.
application is implemented in District Court Pune and at
Small Causes Court Mumbai. Data is already ported from
legacy system to the new system. At Pune, almost 26,500
cases (records) with 4,05,000 proceedings (records) is
ported from the legacy system to the new system. Fresh
data entry of Lower courts comprising of almost 1,40,000
Cases is completed and all the lower courts are online.
Four Taluka Courts are also computerized and the data
entry is also completed. Baramati is the first Taluka
Court to be computerized in India. It was inaugurated at
the hands of Hon. Chief Justice Maharashtra ON 8TH
August 2004. Training for system administration was
imparted to 4 users from the district court who are
responsible for handling the system administration.
Software usage training is imparted to 150 employees and
they are now put on the job. The application has been
implemented and the cases are accepted through the
Filing Counter. PCs are installed in the courtrooms and
the bench clerk carries out live entry of proceedings.
Data is now updated in real time. Touch Screen Kiosk is
installed in the court premises for Lawyers and
Litigants. The application has become operational from
1st September 2003 in the District and Sessions Court
Pune and from 1st December 2003 in Small Cause Court
Mumbai and has satisfied with 99% uptime.
Impact on Society
(G2C):- An Example from District Court Pune
Stakeholders in the Judicial functioning are
mainly Lawyers, Litigants and some portion of society
related to cases pending in the court. The statistical
analysis in District & Sessions Court Pune as on
date shows that around 1,66,982 cases involving almost
3,33,964 (Petitioners/Respondents) individuals or
organizations as main Litigants and 1,50,000 as extra
parties totaling to 4,83,964 are the direct
beneficiaries of application in the District &
Sessions Court Pune ( Data excludes Taluka Courts).
Apart from this, 6000 Advocates/Lawyers are users of the
Impact on Judiciary
(G2G):- An Example from District Court Pune
Administration is bound by the stringent procedures of
Law. Civil Manual and Criminal Manual provides the
guidelines to be followed. In Pune District Court 90
Judges (27 from appellate and 63 from Lower Courts) and
200 employees contribute in day-to-day functioning. The
work flow is managed by Case Information System by
providing 270 features that includes necessary input
screens, reports, queries etc. needed by the
administrators for quick and efficient disposal of
various activities of the court. Through these features
it has become easier for the Court Staff to handle the
routine work and speed up their functioning. It is
ensured that work allotted to the employee is carried
out at the expected time. The tedious task of searching
the records to resolve various queries manually which
required considerable time, is completely eliminated.
The compliance on High Court queries is fulfilled in
shortest time through the system. Most of the reminders
and alerts on occurrence of certain function is
The main technical factor was to use open source
technology to develop and implement the application.
LAMP (Linux-OS, Apache-Web Server, MySQL-RDBMS,
PHP-Scripting Language) was finalized after assessment
of several other open source software. The software
scalability and adoptability had necessitated its
development to be three tier web based. The development
commenced keeping in view the Quality Assurance
requirements and complete QA process was adopted while
designing and developing the application. Reports are
generated in PDF formats, the binaries for generating
the same was also provided on open source platform. QA
process has considerably reduced the time required to
test the application once it was ready. Application
provides maintaining log of all Audit Trails.
some of the courts of Maharashtra since the legacy
application (Terminal based DCIS developed in ‘C’)
was in place, and most of the data pertaining to the new
requirements was available it was necessary to ensure
that the data be ported from legacy system to the new
system. Separate application for seamless migration was
also developed and made available as a part of the Case
Information system (CIS).
local language support through use of UNICODE. Search on
Unicode based text is also available.
Most Economic Model:
The application is completely on Open Source
Platform. Currently 1 Server and 63 Clients are in
place. Every Court Room is provided with 1 Client and 1
Printer. Clients are also provided on Filing Counter and
various sections. Touch Screen Kiosk is provided for
public dissemination of information.
The application has
been developed for the district court which would
be managed entirely by the internal staff of the
courts. NIC is providing all technical support to ensure
smooth functioning over time.
Replication in Other
The Case Information System is accepted by
Maharashtra Judiciary.Implementation of CIS is
successfully completed at all the 365 locations of
Maharashtra. Use of Open Source Technology have
saved huge amount (around 17.5 Crores) to the