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Introduction | Objectives
 
Introduction
 

The word Maharashtra is the land of the Marathi speaking people.  

When Goa attained statehood in 1987 the High Court came to have jurisdiction Over the two States i.e. Maharashtra and Goa and over the Union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu.

            For the present High Court of Judicature at Bombay has its three benches at Nagpur, Aurangabad, and Panji (Goa), exclusive of main bench at Bombay.

The territorial jurisdiction of the various Benches is as follows : 
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY , MAIN BENCH (BOMBAY)
Bombay , Kolhapur, Nashik, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Satara, Sangli, Sindhudurg, Solapur, Thane, Dadra & Nagar Haveli at Silvassa, Daman, Diu
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY, NAGPUR BENCH
Akola, Amravati, Bhandara, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Nagpur, Wardha, Yavatmal
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY , AURANGABAD BENCH
Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, Beed, Dhule, Jalna, Jalgaon, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad, Parbhani 
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY , GOA BENCH
North Goa(Panaji), South Goa(Margao)

As regards courts subordinate to the High Court, at the lowest rung, Court of Civil Judge Junior Division and Judicial Magistrate First class is functioning . This court is subordinate to the District & Sessions Court.  This Court is original court and deals with the cases on both civil and criminal side.  The Judicial Magistrates F.C. exercise the powers laid down in Section 29 of Cr.P.C.  The Civil matters ,in which value of subject matter is upto Rs.1,00,000/- are to be tried by the Civil Judge Junior Division.

Court of Civil Judge Senior Division deals with the civil matters by or against Government and other matters in which value of subject matter exceeds Rs.1,00,000 . Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate is also functioning at each district headquarters.   Appeals arising out of matters decided by Judicial Magistrate Frist Class and Chief Judicial Magistrate lie to the Court of Session and then to the High Court. Appeals against the decisions given by Civil Judge JD and Civil Judge SD(in which value of subject matter exceed Rs.3,00,000) lie in District Court.The appeals in the matters,in which valuation of subject matter is above Rs.3,00,000 are to be filed directly in the High Court.     


District & Sessions Courts : There are 29 District & Sessions Courts in the state of Maharashtra . In addtion to this , the Government of Maharashtra, in consultation of the Hon’ble the Chief Justice, High Court at Bombay , has established sessions divisions at taluka stations to exercise jurisdiction in a court of Session, in several districts. Appeals arising out of matters decided by Judicial Magistrate Frist Class and Chief Judicial Magistrate lie to the Court of Session and then to the High Court. Appeals against the decisions given by Civil Judge JD and Civil Judge SD(in which value of subject matter exceed Rs.3,00,000 lie in District Court.The appeals in the matters,in which valuation of subject matter is above Rs.3,00,000 are to be filed directly in the High Court.   Family Courts are also established in the state of Maharashtra at Bombay, Pune and Nagpur, to decide matrimonial matters.   In addtion to above Specialised tribunals are also established under various enactments such as the Income tax Appellate Tribunal, Maharashtra Administrative Tribunal, the Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal, the Consumer Forums, , the Debt Recovery Tribunal , School Tribunal, University Tribunal.etc. All these tribunals are under the superintendence of the High Court within whose territorial jurisdiction they function.

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